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Boyden never patented his inventive process. In the preparation of enamelled leather, a foundation coat of lampblack mixed with linseed oil has been laid on the flesh side, since the infancy of the industry in Europe. Successive coats of this mixture are applied, the skin being allowed to dry and the surface ground down with pumice-stone after each coat.
Then the skins are blackened again with a fluid black mixed with turpentine , and hung up to dry again. After the skins have been allowed to settle, being laid in a pile for about a month's time, or longer if possible, the leather is tacked onto a frame and receives a brush coat of varnish.
A baking follows in an oven of moderate heat. The temperature is gradually raised and the baking continued three days. Exposure to the sun for ten hours completes the process. Recently American manufacturers have been making patent leather from chrome-tanned skins. The product is quite different, as is also the process employed.
The leather is softer, more flexible, and takes a less brilliant polish than that made from bark-tanned leather, but it is much less likely to crack and is more suitable for shoes than the brittle and inflexible leather made by the older process.
Later, the substitution of plastics such as Parkesine for treatments with linseed oil allowed patent leather to be produced more cheaply. Eventually, synthetic resins further simplified the process and cut production costs even further, making mass production of patent leather possible. In the British fashion trends of the s , shoes, boots, and handbags were often made of patent leather or vinyl.
Characterized by a glass-like finish that catches the light, patent leather comes in all colors just like regular leather. In addition to the mirror-like finish, patent leather is also virtually waterproof, while still retaining a very flexible texture.
The visual aspects of patent leather have made it a sought-after material for formal accessories. Patent leather is sometimes confused with artificial leathers such as DuPont 's Corfam and Kuraray 's Clarino, which are artificial materials with a similar glossy appearance.
Patent leather and poromerics are cleaned in a similar way. Dirt adhering to the coating can be removed with a damp cloth, using a mild soap if needed. Minor scratches and scuff marks in the coating can be removed using one of several special-purpose patent leather and poromeric cleaners on the market.
With wear and tear, patent leather will eventually lose its glossy finish, but will still be smoother than most other types of leather, looking almost rubbery. Lighter color patent leather is prone to color migration. When a patent item is stored next to a colored item, the dye from the colored item can migrate into the patent leather.
Storing patent leather items in a white dust bag will help prevent this. Patent leather and poromerics are used in applications where an eye-catching glossy appearance is the most important consideration. Examples include fashion items such as wallets and handbags , dance and uniform shoes , kinky boots and professional wrestling boots , belts and trench coats.
In recent years patent leather has become a popular material for limited-edition sneakers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about type of leather. For the beetle, see patent-leather beetle. Browse Related Browse Related. Also shop in Also shop in. Feauturing a two tone upper with matching colored stitching.
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